Pavilions are free-standing structures in the natural or urban landscape. They are objects of pleasure. They invite repose, recreation, and relaxation. Pavilions are unexpected places that engage our senses and surprise us. They are destination points. Pavilions are ‘follies’ in French and English landscapes. People created and enjoyed Classical temples, grottoes (caves), waterfalls, wind towers, orangeries (greenhouses), tea rooms, stage sets, small amphitheaters, tree groves, treillage rooms, fountains, etc.. Urban pavilions are also wind towers, farmer markets, information kiosks, ticket booths, band shells, music stages, bike stations, cafes, theaters and more. Pavilions sometimes are temporary or in today’s language, known as pop-ups. Some pavilions are meant to be moveable and can be broken down and transported to another destination. Other pavilions are built as permanent structures and become part of a place’s heritage. Pavilions express the culture of the time, place, and climate. They attract visitors day and night and through changing seasons. Usually, but not always, they are open air. Larger pavilions have several indoor spaces, rooms, and even levels. While some pavilions are demure (quiet), others call out for our attention. Some pavilions are intimate spaces for one or two people while others hold thousands. Big or small, pavilions create a sense of place and pull people together.
Prepare your imagination with pavilion power!
Activity 1 – pavilion Power!
To get started thinking about pavilions, start with Word Webs, Mind Mapping, and Place Experience journeys. Create a word map that has the word pavilion in the middle. Make many other words for pavilions. Hint: There are already a lot of words in the introduction! Can you think of more? Secondly, let your mind wander. Think of your experiences. Can you remember any pavilion you visited? How did you respond? What was it shape or size or location? What did you do? Mind Map two or three places from your past. You can link your mind mapping exercise with Place Description and Place Experience to gather a lot of ideas.
Prepare your imagination with pavilion power!
Activity 2 – World Fair Pavilions
World expositions, starting with the London Fair in 1851, featured pavilions from different countries displaying technological advances and modern marvels. Pavilions reflected the times as much as the cultural character of the country participating. People from all over visited world’s fairs to see what other countries had and to see what the future might bring. Research world fairs and world expositions. Look at the character and construction of the pavilions through the decades. Pick five different pavilions and write descriptive paragraphs about each. Be sure to mention the year of the world’s fair, the architect of the pavilion, the character of the pavilion and the purpose of the pavilion. Make a World’s Fair Poster with a pavilion from five different Fairs.
Activity 3 – Pavilions in Nature
Sometimes pavilions are built in remote places. These pavilions hold a precious relationship with the beauty of the natural scenery. Often they serve as a resting point for travelers in the midst of a longer journey. Most times they offer shelter with a view. They often are quietly present, respectful of the setting and the views. Look for pavilions in the landscape. Reflect on the material choices and how the building is detailed. Consider if the design is biophilic or inspired by nature’s forms and structures. Iterate different relationships with the ground. Sketch pavilions on, above, in, and below the ground and see how the experience of approaching and entering and being inside are different from different elevations. Try designing a nature pavilion based on nature!
Activity 4 – Pavilions in the City
Pavilions in a city are magnets for attracting people. If they are works of art or interactive, they become phenomenal spectacles and contribute to the social and cultural life of the city. City pavilions are designed to express local or global heritage in contemporary ways, such as BIG’s Danish Pavilion for the World Biennale. Pavilions in cities operate as social incubators or surprise destinations for new experiences. They can serve as celebration of festivals like the Burnham Pavilions in Chicago. Research contemporary pavilions and create a poster that communicates three different reasons for cities to build pavilions.
Activity 5 – Pavilion Poster
Do you know of any pavilions in your city? You can look up your city on Google Maps using the satellite view and fly over places that might have a pavilion. These places include parks, courtyards, lakefronts, schoolyards, churches, etc. Pavilions are usually smaller than the buildings that they are beside. You can also ask people if they know of a pavilion. If they do know of a pavilion, get its location. Locate the pavilion on a map and arrange a visit. Take pictures and make a drawing of the pavilion in plan and perspective. Next, research it online and see if you can find out anything about its history. Who built it? When was it built? What is it used for today? Look at the Poster Journey.
Make a Pavilion Poster!
Activity 6 – Imagine a Pavilion
Pavilions give architects and designers opportunities to explore new materials, new lighting effects, and new social interactions in the public realm. Research contemporary architectural pavilions. What pavilions attract you? Which ones invite you? Which ones surprise you? Consider your community, city, or nearby countryside. Word map possible activities, materials, and views of a pavilion in one of the three settings. What natural and artificial lighting sources can illuminate your structure on the interior and the exterior? What materials will be outside on the ground, and inside on the floor? What will draw you toward, and into your pavilion? Use Google Earth or Google Maps to locate a destination for your pavilion. Do a site walk-through to better understand the setting. Create three conceptual models of your pavilion. Consider your three alternatives. Photograph them and place them on a poster with your final design. Take pictures of your final model day and night. Draw in the surrounding environment to show your pavilion at its best!
Become a Pavilion Designer!!
Activity 7 – Make an Earth Day Pavilion
Your quest is to design an Earth Day Pavilion. This time, think like nature. Think about what you would like to experience in an earth day pavilion. Start by doing a series of line drawings that demonstrate one or more of nature’s verbs. Use a word like grow, flow, wrap, radiate, mirror, multiply, etc. The movement and expression of your lines can exemplify nature’s patterns and nature’s verbs.
Next, think of concept or ideas that generate possible Earth Day themes. Conceptual sketching helps to explore ideas and relationships through lines and images. Thinks of ground strategies, surround or wall strategies, and above or ceiling /sky strategies. Consider exterior form and interior space or spaces. With the materials that you have gathered explore different structures from solid to transparent, closed to open.
Begin to imagine your drawn expression as spatial experience. Turn your 2-D lines into 3-D form studies. Make three different study models out of stiff paper and/or found objects. These models are known as conceptual study models. Put your conceptual sketches and models together on a table or pinned up on a wall. Bring other people in to evaluate them. After receiving feedback, reflect on what could be improved.
Choose a direction from one or more or a combination of your conceptual ideas. Consider the feedback you received. Develop a design in a 1/4” finished model.
Photograph your model and submit it to the gallery!
- Follies are types of pavilions.
- Pavilions are destinations in the landscape.
- What featured pavilions from different countries?
- Pavilions can provide travelers a place to rest.
- Cultural pavilions can be performance places.
- 1851 London World's Fair
- 1898 World's Fair Paris
- 1904 World's Fair St. Louis
- 1908 London's World Fair
- 1933 Century of Progress Chicago
- 1933 San Francisco World Fair
- 1964 New York World Fair
- ASE Star Pavilion
- Burnham Pavilions
- Coldefy's National Pulse Memorial Museum, Orlando
- Confluence Park, San Diego
- Jenny Sabin Light Emitting Woven Pavilion
- Lake/Flato Confluence Park
- Lego Pavilion
- Mediated Matter Silk Pavilion I
- Mediated Matter Silk Pavilion II
- Panama California Exposition Map
- Playhouse rock!
- Pop Up Pavilions
- Schloss Linderhof, Germany
- Shiguru Ban's Paper Pavilion
- SkySpace: Air Apparent, James Turrell Gallery
- TEXH + Columbus IN Pavilions
- The Danish Pavilion Shanghai Exposition
- The World's Columbian Exposition
- The World's Columbian Exposition
- Toyo Ito's Pavilion for Hermes
- Treasury of World's Fair Architecture 1851-1970
- Versailles Gardens & Follies
- Video Blark Ingels Danish Pavilion on Bike!
- Video Copenhagen Bike House
- Video ICD Aggregate Pavilion
- VIdeo ICD/ITKE Pavilion
- Walter Hood Design Studio
- Wikipedia History Follies Around the World
- 2D Geometry
- 3D Geometry
- Architecture and Music
- Art Nouveau
- Bus Stop
- Design Making
- Design Process
- Design Thinking
- Digital Modeling
- Electric Light
- Exhibition Design
- Experience Design
- Facade Elements
- Farmers Markets
- Information Architecture
- Light Design
- Mind Mapping
- Modern Architecture
- Nature Patterns
- Object Description
- Place Experience
- Place Exploration
- Pocket Parks
- Poster Design
- Prairie Architecture
- Public Space
- Site Analysis
- Site Programming
- Solar Energy
- Stage Set Design
- Urban Design
- Wind Power
- Word Webs