Food is a necessity of life. It provides us with energy, gives us nutrients, and should be a delicious, enjoyable part of our daily lives. All people eat to survive. What people eat and how they eat, however, depends on their environment and the culture that develops in relation to that environment.
Do you know where the food you eat comes from? Do you know if it is fresh and free of harmful pesticides? Do you know if it is produced without harming wildlife or the environment?
Where our food comes from has changed radically with the development of transportation (trucks and airplanes) and refrigeration. Today, grapes can be flown in from Chile, oranges from Florida, and lettuce from California. Did you know that the typical food item travels 1,500 miles to your local store? Where does your food come from? How many miles does it travel to your table?
Activity 1 – the food web
The food web is critical to all living things. All food chains start with the sun. The producers, or plants (on land and water) and animals, provide food for the consumers. Herbivores are consumers that eat only plants; carnivores are the consumers that eat meat. Omnivores are consumers that eat both plants and meat! The decomposers are the organisms that break down, or decompose, food.
Activity 2 – the food triangle and the food pyramid
The original food triangle was a graphic guide to eating diverse food groups daily. The triangle suggests that a balanced diet comes from diverse food groups such as grains (breads, cereals), vegetables (lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, carrots, onions, etc.), fruits (watermelon, grapes, bananas, apples , oranges, etc.), oils (butter, fish, nuts vegetable and olive oils, etc.), dairy products ( milk, yogurt, cheese, ice cream), and meats and beans or proteins. Based on a 2,000 calorie-a-day diet you would need to eat: Grains: 6 ounces daily, Vegetables: 2.5 cups daily, Fruits: 2 cups daily; Milk: 3 cups daily (kids 2-8, it’s 3 cups daily) , Meats & Beans: 5.5 ounces daily. How many cups of food does that make? Clue: 1 cup equals 8 oz.
Be sure to make steps up at least one side of your pyramid as a reminder that exercise is part of a healthy lifestyle!
Activity 3 – are you hungry?
Human beings need to eat to survive. Do you know what it feels like when you are hungry and your stomach ‘growls’? Do you know anyone who is hungry? Have you seen homeless people begging for money or food? Research poverty in your town or city. Write a report about those that are without food and find the organizations that serve free food in your community.
Activity 4 – Food Security
Food is necessary to sustain life. It also impacts our local economy and environment. Most of us do not realize that by buying food that is imported, we are taking away jobs from our very own communities. We are also impacting our carbon footprint. As more and more farmland is converted to suburban living and commerce, we lose a sense of place and community. Large urban areas, dependent almost completely on imported food also face food security if food sources are cut off or depleted. Watch Choose Canadian: Eat Real Eat Local to see the effects of importing food on local communities. Find out where you can purchase local foods to support local economies. Better yet, look at growing your own!!!
Activity 5 – Food Vocabulary
Watch Making the Case for Healthy, Freshly Prepared School Meals and see how food is connected to local economy, health, school attendance, and the environment. Record the research for these four topics in a poster for your school!
local economy: Buying locally grown, organic foods helps support small farmers and brings commerce into your neighborhood. Visit your local farmer’s market!
physical environment: Growing food organically keeps harmful pesticides out of our soil and water. Buying locally grown foods decreases the amount of energy needed for transport.
social well-being: Share what you know with friends and family to increase social awareness of the importance of locally grown food.
emotional: Feel good about making good choices for your health and the health of the environment.
- Snacks are the largest part of the food triangle.
- You should eat 3-5 servings of fruit a day.
- Different cultures eat different foods.
- Food does not travel across the ocean.
- All food chains begin with the sun.
- Causes of World Hunger
- Codex Alimentarius
- Eat Real Eat Local: Canada
- Farm to School Program
- Food CHain INSIGHT Maker
- Food Cycle Song
- Food Deserts: Mary Gallagher
- FOOD TANK Family Farming by the Numbers
- Food THINK Apps to Eat Local
- Goldbely: In Search of Delicious Food
- Healthy Eating Design Guidelines for School Architecture
- Healthy Food Guide
- Human vs. Natural Food Chains
- Making the Case for Healthy, Freshly Prepared School Meals
- Mapping Food
- Nutrients for Life: Feed the World Game
- Ocean Food Web Pearson
- One Weeks Worth of Food Culture by Culture
- Our Future Earth: FOOD
- PBS Eekoworld Plants and Animals
- Producers and Consumers
- TED Food Deserts: Mary Gallagher
- The Edible School Yard
- The FOOD THINK TANK
- Video In Defense of Food Michael Pollan PBS
- Video Water Food Energy NEXUS
- Virtual Water in Food Production Infographic
- Water Food Energy NEXUS
- World Hunger
- Your Food Environment Atlas