Icons 1423860947 3 Climate

Description backgrounds 1423860946 climate intro

What’s the weather? Do you catch yourself looking to the sky? Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, used the word meteor to describe “things in the air.” Temperature and precipitation are the two main climate factors, although elevation, latitude, prevailing wind direction, topography and ocean currents also affect climate. Weather forecasters, called meteorologists, work with elements in the air: rain, snow, ice, clouds and pollution, to study information from weather satellites, radar, computers, sensors and observers all over the world. The earth has a general climate system subdivided into areas for an understanding of developments in weather that effect the world as a whole. Using the Köppen Climate Classification System, there are five base climates and ten subgroup climates. Play Climate Zones Flashcard Matching to familiarize yourself with the zones and their different characteristics. Defining climate patterns tells what may come next or what the result of one action might be and what will have to happen to balance things out. Scientists now understand that weather in one region effects weather worldwide.

Watch the sky and dress for the weather!

Activity 1 – How can you help prevent global warming?

Backgrounds 1423860966 climate activity03

Is global warming real? Are humans really impacting the atmosphere? Check out NOAA’s Paleo Perspective on Global Warming. Take a look into Paleoclimatology. Use a carbon footprint calculator. Make a list of ways that you can live to use less energy, consume fewer products and help to prevent global warming.

Activity gallery camera

Activity 2 – Be a Skywatcher!!!

Backgrounds 1423860952 climate activity01

Chart a week’s worth of weather. First, check the sky in the morning. Make a weather forecast. Predict if it will be sunny, partly sunny, partly cloudy, or cloudy. Predict the percentage chance of precipitation. Predict whether there will be a breeze, a wind, or a gale force! Next, check with the paper or online weather source and see if your forecast measured up to the meteorologist’s. Chart the high and low temperatures. Be a skywatcher!

The five base climates using the Köppen Climate Classification System:

  1. tropical / megathermal
  2. dry and semiarid
  3. temperate / mesothermal
  4. continental / microthermal
  5. polar

Activity gallery camera

Activity 3 – Severe Weather

Backgrounds 1423860958 climate activity 02

There is the kind of weather we enjoy and then there is severe weather. Severe weather is a localized condition such as a severe thunderstorm possibly with damaging wind and hail, dense fog, tornadoes, hurricanes, typhoons, extreme heat or winter blizzards. Flooding can also be considered a severe form of weather. Find out what kind of severe weather is common in your climate and learn ways to prepare for it. Think of your essential needs: air, water, food, shelter and perhaps mobility (what about evacuation routes?). Locate the best protective area in your house and pack some water bottles and food that is non-perishable. Make a journal entry about where you will go and what you will have prepared in the event of severe weather.

Think Ahead! Be Prepared! Be Safe!

Activity gallery camera

Activity 4 – Climate and the Carbon Cycle

The Carbon Cycle is essential to life on earth. It filters through the geosphere, hydrosphere, our lithosphere and our atmosphere. It is involved in split second processes like photosynthesis in water and on land with plants and trees. It is involved in processes like making fossils that take millions of years! The carbon cycle is involved in our planet’s climate and weather. Carbon is in our DNA, in the soil in which we grow food, in the food we eat and in the air we breathe. Map the carbon cycle from the earth and water and air to people. Take a look at DrawDown: 100 Ways to Reverse Global Warming. Pick three ways you can help and map those on your carbon cycle diagram
Breathe and be warm!

Activity 5 – CLimate and Earth's Energy Balance


  • The climate affects people by:
  • Climate is weather conditions over a period of time.
  • Temperature and precipitation are two main climatic features.
  • Weather watchers only need to look at the sky to predict the weather.
  • Which two things have the greatest effect on Earth’s climate?
check answers